When markets yield to fundamentals
In June last year we wrote that our base case view was for a US – and global – recession by end-2020. In January our 2019 Medium-Term Global Outlook warned that now was the time to prepare for recession, to prevent panic later. In March 2019 we warned that recession made QE likely in both the US and Australia. We spoke about the inverted yield curve in December 2018. And over the past 5 months we have observed global and Australian economic data grind towards levels consistent with the start of a recession.
Market volatility is on the rise and the sugar rush from central bank rate cuts will not last. Stretched asset prices are giving way to a weak set of economic fundamentals. Historically that has resulted in significant wealth destruction. There is still time to prepare portfolios for that recessionary outcome. But time is running out. We urge that it is time to act now.
The fundamentals have not improved
We have watched the US and global economy slide towards recession over the past year. Already most of the developed global economy is in or about to enter a manufacturing or industrial recession. That includes the US and Australia (Fig 1 and Fig 2).
Fig 1: Australian business investment has been a drag on GDP for the past 6 months
Fig 2: US PMIs are sliding into recession levels
Central banks will need to do more
There is a tension between cheap liquidity from central banks and deteriorating economic fundamentals. We discussed this in August 2019. Central banks around the world will be forced to do more to prevent a deeper, longer recession. That includes the RBA in Australia. We expect QE will ultimately be required. We discussed what that might look for like Australia in March 2019.
Volatility will increase
We expect increasing market volatility as the tension plays out. More recently, the inversion in the yield curve (Fig 3) – where longer-dated US Treasury yields are lower than shorter-dated – has focused attention on recessionary outcomes. The curve has inverted before every recession since the 1950s. We talked about this back in December 2018. The recent inversion supports our thesis that we are headed for a period of higher volatility.
Fig 3: The US Treasury yield curve has inverted
What does it mean for Australian investors?
We expect Australia will not escape a global recession. Australia’s private sector demand is very weak (Fig 1). And we don’t think households, nor the housing sector, will ride to the rescue.
We set out some recommendations for Australian investors early in 2019 in our Oreana Medium-Term Global Outlook. We warned that now is the time to prepare, not panic. The specific recommendations for Australian investors remain relevant.
The recommendations were:
– Now is the time to review exposure to Australian equities: Australian equities have historically cumulatively fallen around 30% during US recessions. We see downside risks particularly to equities exposed to the housing cycle.
– Now is the time to reduce credit exposure: Australian corporate credit is generally investment grade. But it has not passed the test of being truly defensive. We prefer defensive exposure in investment grade sovereign debt.
– Now is the time to consider reducing your AUD hedge ratio: We expect the AUD will weaken in the near term. During recessionary periods, the AUD has historically moved in a risk-off manner, falling to levels much lower than currently priced in the forward market.
– Now is the time to increase exposure to alternatives: Alternatives are assets that are not just exposed to long positions in equity or debt. Alternatives provide important diversifying benefits. We think alternatives should be a significant element of any portfolio.
Now is the time to prepare
Time is running out to implement these recommendations. Implementing well requires time, expertise and scale. But the benefit to portfolios could be truly transformative over the medium-term for investor outcomes. We urge investors to consider making some of these changes.
Contact Oreana Financial Services or your affiliated Advisor to find out how we can assist with managing your wealth.
Data sources: Bloomberg LP, Oreana Financial Services